Kinematic Sequencing in the Golf Swing

Kinematic Sequencing in Golf Swing

Written by Michele Liew – Athletic Therapist & Golf Biomechanics Specialist at Peak Performance Golf

There is more than one way to swing a golf club, but there is one efficient kinematic sequence to achieve the maximum amount of energy transfer from the ground to the club head translating it into the ball speed. Just like any other rotational sport, the speed of your club head into the ball decides how far the ball will travel in the air. In today’s golf world, there are many different kinds of swings and everyone has a swing that is suitable for their body. However, the key to every swing is efficiency and it plays a huge role in the body and swing connection.



In golf, the ideal kinematic sequence should go proximal to distal, having the peak velocities in the order of hips – trunk – arm – club. It can be calculated and related to the golfer’s ability to stabilize each body segment to create the “lag” in order for the golfer to transfer energy to the next body segment. Throughout the golf swing, energy is initially generated with the reaction force from the ground and building up like a “coil” into the top, where stabilizing and transferring occur with the “uncoiling” movement into impact. Among the muscles, multifidus, transverse abdominis and gluteus maximus play an important role to be active and create a stable base for the upper body to “uncoil” with the club and transfer the energy to the ball.


With a consistent kinematic sequence, you will be able to generate similar speed each time coming into the ball and therefore a more consistent ball flight and distance. A huge factor in this will be lower body stability and core stability to allow the efficient transfers of energy. With a stable base for the body to “coil” and “uncoil”, it allows the respective muscles to do their job to put the club back to the ball.  One of the most important muscles in this case is your Glutes – which is often not fired/activated effectively to stabilize and transfer the energy initially from the lower body to the upper body. As a result, efficiency is affected and can often lead to low back pain due to compensation.

An example of the ideal kinematic sequence of a swing:


Some Key points to take from this:

  • With a better understanding of efficiency of your swing, we can help improve your golf game by working on the weaknesses
  • We will also be able to identify any physical limitations, poor mechanics or equipment for your swing
  • We will also be able to help improve your swing to get a more consistent ball strike to make the game more fun.

Don’t be afraid to #reachyourpeak this training season!

-Michele Liew


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